Archive for Juni, 2012

Arktis: Betreten verboten – Eltern haften …

Donnerstag, Juni 28th, 2012

“Arctic Sea Ice at Lowest June Level Ever

Recent ice loss rates have been more than double the climatological rate, reports the NSIDC

By Common Dreams staff

The sea ice extent in the Arctic is at its lowest level ever for this time of year, according to the latest information from the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC).

The NSIDC reports that the recent ice loss rates have been 38,600 to 57,900 square miles — more than double the climatological rate.

"The main contributors to the unusually rapid ice loss to this point in June are the disappearance of most of the winter sea ice in the Bering Sea, rapid ice loss in the Barents and Kara Seas, and early development of open water areas in the Beaufort and Laptev Seas north of Alaska and Siberia," the NSIDC explains.

The NSIDC further notes that the far north's snow cover is "nearly gone, earlier than normal, allowing the coastal land to warm faster."

In its most recent Arctic Report Card, the NOAA reported that changes to the Arctic had been "profound," and that with global warming projected to increase, "it is very likely that major Arctic changes will continue in years to come, with increasing climatic, biological and social impacts."

 
 

 

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(Quelle: Common Dreams.)

EU: “Illegal” (TV-TIPP)

Donnerstag, Juni 28th, 2012

“Illegal

Kino am Donnerstag
Belgien/Luxemburg/Frankreich, 2010

Die Russin Tania lebt mit ihrem Sohn Ivan seit 8 Jahren illegal in Belgien. Obwohl die Behörden ihren Asylantrag abgelehnt haben, gelingt es ihr mit Hilfe gefälschter Papiere, einen Job zu finden und ihren Sohn zur Schule zu schicken. Doch sie lebt in ständiger Angst davor, abgeschoben zu werden.

Eines Tages führt eine Polizeikontrolle zu ihrer Verhaftung. Ivan kann entkommen und flüchtet sich zu einer Freundin Tanias. Tania wird ins Abschiebegefängnis gebracht. In Haft steht Tania unter großem psychischen Druck und macht sich große Sorgen um Ivans Schicksal.

In der Haft macht Tania die Bekanntschaft einer jungen Frau aus Afrika, Aissa, die ihre Abschiebung bereits mehrmals Mal verhindern konnte. Doch dafür musste sie die rohe Gewalt der Polizisten ertragen. Nach den letzten schweren Misshandlungen begeht Aissa in der Abschiebehaft Selbstmord. Tania ist auch den täglichen Schikanen des Gefängnispersonals ausgesetzt, dass sie zwingen will, ihre Identität preiszugeben.

Tania gibt sich schließlich als ihre Freundin Zina aus, in der Hoffnung Asyl beantragen zu können, da Weißrussland in Belgien als Diktatur gilt, Russland jedoch nicht. Sie ahnt nicht, dass Zina bereits in Polen Asyl beantragt hatte und wird nun, als falsche “Zina” mit Polizeigewalt gezwungen ein Passagier-Flugzeug nach Polen zu besteigen …

Ein großartig gespielter, sehr mitreißender Film, der in Cannes mit dem Autorenpreis SACD (Prix SACD) ausgezeichnet wurde (…).”

Sender:     WDR Fernsehen
Sendedatum:  28.06.2012
Sendezeit:    23:15 Uhr – 00:47 Uhr

 

(Quelle: WDR Fernsehen.)

Global: Club der Gürtelträger

Donnerstag, Juni 28th, 2012

“Euro-Krise bringt armen Ländern starke Verluste

Geschrieben von: Redaktion

Freitag, den 22. Juni 2012 um 11:12 Uhr

London. – Die Krise in der Euro-Zone verursacht in den Entwicklungsländern einen starken Rückgang bei Exporten, Investitionen, Rücküberweisungen von Migranten und bei der Entwicklungshilfe. Experten des britischen Overseas Development Institute (ODI) haben errechnet, dass sich die daraus resultierenden Verluste in den Jahren 2012 und 2013 auf insgesamt 238 Milliarden US-Dollar belaufen könnten. Dies könnte das Wirtschaftswachstum in den Ländern des Südens um durchschnittlich 0,5 Prozent senken.

Besonders anfällig für Auswirkungen der Krise in der Eurozone sind nach Angaben des ODI die Länder Mosambik, Kenia, Niger, Kamerun, die Kapverden und Paraguay. Die EU ist nach wie vor der größte Exportmarkt für ärmere Länder. Die meisten Importe der Entwicklungsländer kommen hingegen aus den “BRIC-Staaten” Brasilien, Russland, Indien und China.

Die ODI-Untersuchung nennt hinsichtlich der Abhängigkeit vielen Entwicklungsländer von der EU einige Beispiele. So gehen mehr als die Hälfte aller Exporte Marokkos, Mosambiks und Kameruns in europäische Länder. Die Kapverden exportieren sogar 90 Prozent ihrer Güter in die EU. 17 Prozent des Bruttoinlandsprodukts der Elfenbeinküste wird mit Exporten in die EU erwirtschaftet. Und Tadschikistans Bruttoinlandsprodukt hängt zu 40 Prozent von den Geldüberweisungen ab, die in der EU lebende Tadschiken nach Hause senden.

www.odi.org.uk

 

(Quelle: entwicklungspolitik online)

Ecuador: Raus aus der Folter-Schule!

Donnerstag, Juni 28th, 2012

“Ecuador to Pull Out of the School of the Americas (SOA/ WHINSEC)

 

 

We have some exciting news to share with you! The president of Ecuador, Rafael Correa, his Minister of Defense and other high-ranking Ecuadoran officials met with members of the SOA Watch Delegation. We are delighted that we can inform you that earlier today, President Correa started the meeting at the Presidential Palace in Quito, Ecuador, by announcing that Ecuador will no longer send its soldiers to the School of the Americas (SOA/ WHINSEC). This is a tremendous victory for the human rights community across the Americas!

The press in Latin America has already picked up the story. Click here for the coverage of the announcement in Spanish.

We are extremely happy about this new development that will give us additional momentum in our efforts to shut down the SOA for good and to end U.S. militarization in the Americas. Stay tuned for a detailed report back from the delegation and from the meeting with President Correa in the next couple days.

Let’s celebrate the resistance to militarization in the Americas!

Alison, Becca, Hendrik, Lisa, Marlin, Nico, Pablo and Father Roy
The SOA Watch staff

Visit SOAW.org for updates from SOA Watch!

 

(Quelle: SOA Watch.org)

Ungarn: Polizeigewalt gegen Roma

Dienstag, Juni 26th, 2012

“European Court of Human Rights Rules Against Hungary in Police Brutality Case

26 June 2012

Budapest, Strasbourg, 26 June 2012: The European Court of Human Rights (Court) has ruled that Hungary violated the European Convention of Human Rights (Convention) in a case of excessive police violence against a Romani woman. In the case of Borbála Kiss v. Hungary, the Court found that Hungary violated Article 3 of the Convention, in a case brought by the European Roma Rights Centre (ERRC) and the Hungarian Civil Liberties Union (HCLU).The Court awarded 5000 Euros in damages.

In September 2010 police were called to a family party at a private house in Tiszalúc, Hungary, at about 9:00 PM, where they asked partygoers to turn down their music. Half an hour later, the police came back and forcefully broke up the party, using truncheons and pepper spray. Ms Kiss, a Romani woman, intervened in a heated argument between the police and a man at the party. The police sprayed pepper-spray in her eyes, dragged her towards the police car and banged her against it. During the incident, Ms Kiss’ pullover was torn and her breasts were exposed. 

The victims filed a criminal report against the police intervention, which was dismissed by Hungarian authorities. A separate criminal report was later filed by Ms Kiss (represented by the HCLU), however the investigation of that complaint was closed. In the meantime, a criminal procedure was launched against Ms Kiss and others for alleged obstruction of justice. The procedure involved the same prosecutor who closed the investigation in Ms Kiss’ case.

The ERRC and HCLU jointly filed a submission to the European Court of Human Rights on 20 September 2011, claiming that the excessive use of force and the failure to conduct an effective investigation into the case constituted a violation of Article 3 under the Convention. The organisations also claimed that the inhuman and degrading treatment and the lack of effective investigation were a result of anti-Roma discrimination.

In its judgment delivered today, the Court found that there had been a substantive and a procedural violation of Article 3 of the Convention (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment). The Court concluded that the police used excessive force during the incident, and that such use of force resulted in injuries and suffering of the applicant, amounting to degrading treatment. The Court also noted that no internal investigation or disciplinary procedure appeared to have been carried out within the police force concerning the appropriateness of the police action. The Court also found that no adequate investigation had been carried out into Ms Kiss’ allegations. However it rejected the claim of discrimination (under article 14), finding there was no evidence of discriminatory conduct by the police.

Usually, domestic remedies must be exhausted before bringing a case at the ECHR, but in this case the Court also found that Ms Kiss did not need to carry out a substitute private prosecution on the incident in order for the case to be declared admissible.

The ERRC and HCLU welcome the judgment, which sends out a clear message that law enforcement authorities must deal with any and all cases of violence against Roma, especially when State actors are involved. However it is disappointing that, similarly to a recent judgment against Slovakia, the Court did not find discrimination under Article 14, and did not link the excessive use of force and the failure to adequately investigate with the Romani ethnic origin of the victim.

This press release is also available in Hungarian.

Video testimony from the victims is available on the Hungarian Civil Liberties Union website (Hungarian, with English subtitles).

For more information:

Sinan Gökçen
Media and Communications Officer
European Roma Rights Centre
sinan.gokcen@errc.org
+36.30.500.1324

Eszter Jovánovics
TASZ Roma Program Director
jovanovics@tasz.hu
+36 20 3322982″

 

(Quelle: European Roma Rights Centre.)

Global: Happy Planet Index

Dienstag, Juni 26th, 2012

“Why the Happy Planet Index is the ultimate measure of economic efficiency

The latest edition of the HPI should be a reminder to economists about what economics is really about

By Sagar Shah
Researcher, Centre for Well-being

 

 

On the day of the launch of the Happy Planet Index, my colleagues here at nef created an infographic comparing some statistics of Costa Rica and the USA, asking “which economy is more efficient”.

Shortly after I posted the infographic on some social media sites, I started to receive messages from friends and former colleagues telling me that the data presented in the chart had nothing to do with economic efficiency.  I started my training as an economist with some of these individuals, it is really sad to see that even some progressively minded economists seem to have forgotten what the subject is really about.

Anyone who has studied the subject at school or university should have encountered the basic economic problem at the beginning of their course: the world has limited resources, but people have unlimited wants and needs. Economics as a discipline is concerned about the systems used by society to solve this problem: how to take these scarce resources, and organise them (through production, distribution and consumption) in order to best meet human wants and needs.

Classical measures of economic efficiency are useful ways of measuring how efficiently human labour and physical capital can be harnessed used to produce goods and services. But they generally only address one aspect of the economic problem – production. They don’t address how efficiently this production satisfies humans wants and needs. And inputs used don’t really capture scarcity – human capital and physical capital are both inputs which can grow over time.

If you ask people what they most want in life, health and happiness come on top of the list. Income and money are indeed important considerations for many people, but only as an intermediate step towards helping achieve healthy, meaningful and satisfying lives. 

And the ultimate scarce resource upon which humans depend on for all production and consumption is the environment. Everything single thing we produce and consume, be it air, water, food or material goods, ultimately draws itself from the environment in one shape or form. If we destroy the environment, we destroy the resource which underpins human life.

So if you go back to the basic economic problem, the ultimate measure of economic efficiency is one which shows how effectively an economy can turns its scarce environmental resources into what people want and need – happy healthy lives. The Happy Planet does just that.

Some economists may continue to deny that the Happy Planet Index is a measure of economic efficiency. But these are economists who have forgotten about what economics is ultimately about.”

 

(Quelle: the new economics foundation.)

Siehe auch:

The Happy Planet Index: 2012 Report
Wo die glücklichen Menschen leben
Glücksgefühl statt mehr Konsum
Reiche Länder sind nicht die “glücklichsten”