Archive for Juli, 2012

BRD: Nein zur Rekrutierung (AUFRUF)

Dienstag, Juli 31st, 2012

“Aufruf zu Protest am 12./13. September in Bochum

Berufsbildungsmessen ohne Bundeswehr!

Die Bundeswehr drängt auf Berufsmessen, in Arbeitsämter, in Schulen und Hochschulen! Überall dort sucht sie zum einen nach dem Ende der Wehrpflicht neue Rekruten und Rekrutinnen. Zum anderen will sie schon die Kinder und Jugendlichen – die Wähler und Wählerinnen von morgen – von der angeblichen Notwendigkeit militärischer Einsätze überzeugen. Auch die Wehrdienstberater kommen regelmäßig in Schulen, um Jugendliche offensiv für den Dienst an der Waffe anzuwerben. Bei Berufsmessen und auch anderen Veranstaltungen mit jugendlichen Teilnehmer/innen ist die Bundeswehr mit Werbetrucks und Rekrutierungsständen präsent. Allein in NRW ist die Armee in 2012 bei einem guten Dutzend großer Messen mit jeweils über 10.000 Besuchern dabei. Auch in Bochum ist sie am 12./13. September erneut auf der Berufsbildungsmesse Mittleres Ruhrgebiet präsent.

Dem wollen wir uns gemeinsam entgegenstellen. Die Bundeswehr bietet keine „normalen“ Berufsausbildungen und Berufe an. Die Tätigkeit bei der Bundeswehr ist unauflöslich mit deren Aufgabe verbunden, Krieg zu führen. Die Tätigkeiten bei der Bundeswehr setzen also die Bereitschaft zum Töten voraus und sind in zunehmendem Maße mit dem Risiko des getötet Werdens und der schweren psychischen Beeinträchtigung verbunden. Es ist es aus unserer Sicht unverantwortlich, diese in hohem Maße gefährliche und seelisch belastende Tätigkeit im Zusammenhang mit normalen, zivilen Ausbildungsgängen und Berufen jungen Schülern – häufig schon ab der 8. Klasse – unkommentiert zu präsentieren. Kinderschutzorganisationen verweisen darauf, dass einseitige Werbung für Militär und Militäreinsätze bei Minderjährigen mit der von Deutschland unterzeichneten UN-Kinderrechtskonvention nicht vereinbar sind. Die Bundeswehr nutzt mit irreführender Werbung die nach wie vor unsicher Berufsperspektive vieler Jugendlicher aus, um sie in einen vermeintlich sicheren Job in der Armee zu locken. Wir fordern die Veranstalter der Berufsbildungsmessen in NRW auf, die Bundeswehr zu solchen Veranstaltungen nicht mehr einzuladen!

Wir rufen auf zur Protestaktionen bei der Berufsbildungsmesse Mittleres Ruhrgebiet am 12./13. September 2012 in Bochum.

Hier wollen wir am Beispiel einer der wichtigen Berufsbildungsmessen in NRW unsere Forderung Nachdruck verleihen:

  • Die Bundeswehr hat auf Berufsmessen nicht verloren: Beendigung der Bundeswehrwerbung unter dem Deckmantel der Berufsinformation!
  • Kein Werben fürs Töten und Sterben!

Unser Protest ist ein vorgezogener Beitrag zur „bundesweiten Aktionswoche gegen Bundeswehr in Schulen und Hochschulen vom 24.-29. September 2012“

Weiterlesen »

 

(Quelle: Messe ohne Bundeswehr.)

Grossbritannien: Olympiade & Menschenrechte

Dienstag, Juli 31st, 2012

“Am Wochenende starteten die XXX. Olympischen Spiele in London mit einem Riesenspektakel, die Kritik an ihnen konnte die Show jedoch nicht ausblenden. Neben Greenwashing-Vorwürfen wegen des Dow Chemical-, Rio Tinto- und BP- Sponsorings kritisieren viele vor allem den Kontrast zwischen Schein und Sein der Spiele. Das bezieht sich nicht nur auf den Unterschied zwischen dem Glamour der Spielorte und der Lebensrealität im armen Londoner Osten, sondern auch auf die Kehrseite der Spiele in den globalen Sportartikel-Fabriken. So zeigt die Playfair-Kampagne in einer aktuellen Recherche, dass Produkte rund um die Olympiade noch immer unter ausbeuterischen Bedingungen hergestellt werden. Sportliche Spiele stellen wir uns anders vor.

Olympia 2012: Systematische Ausbeutung von ArbeiterInnen immer noch Teil des Spiels

Chinesische Arbeiterinnen in einer Sportschuh-Fabrik

Eine Recherche in zehn Textil-Fabriken Chinas, Sri Lankas und der Philippinen ergab, dass Sportbekleidung, aber auch offizielle Uniformen der diesjährigen olympischen Spiele, unter ausbeuterischen Bedingungen hergestellt wurde. Laden Sie den Bericht „Fair Games? Human rights of workers in the Olympic Games 2012“ bei uns kostenlos runter.

Bericht “Fair Games” runterladen

(…)

Bangladesch: Lage von TextilarbeiterInnen spitzt sich weiter zu

Tausende Beschäftigte gingen Ende Juni auf die Strassen, um höhere Löhne zu fordern. Daraufhin wurden über 300 Werke geschlossen. Bei den darauf folgenden schweren Zusammenstössen mit der Polizei wurden zahlreiche Menschen verletzt, 25 Personen verhaftet. Obwohl die Fabriken inzwischen wieder geöffnet sind, bleibt die Forderung nach einer Lohnerhöhung ein dringendes Anliegen. GewerkschaftsführerInnen befürchten, dass es zu Übergriffen durch den bangladeschischen Geheimdienst kommen könnte.

Zu den Hintergründen

(…)

 

(Quelle: EvB.)

Siehe auch:

Lizenz zum Landraub

Griechenland: … ist FRONTEX Liebling

Montag, Juli 30th, 2012

“Syrische Flüchtlinge: Athen verstärkt Grenze zur Türkei

Athen (dpa) – Aus Angst vor einer Flüchtlingswelle aus Syrien lässt Griechenland die EU-Außengrenze zur Türkei noch schärfer bewachen. 1800 Grenzpolizisten würden zusätzlich an die Grenze geschickt, sagte Justizminister Nikolaos Dendias am Montag nach einem Treffen mit dem griechischen Regierungschef Antonis Samaras. Auf dem Grenzfluss Evros würden weitere Patrouillenboote eingesetzt. Über die griechisch-türkische Grenze gelangen Hunderttausende Flüchtlinge aus Asien und Afrika illegal in die Europäische Union. Seit einigen Monaten patrouillieren an der Grenze neben griechischen Beamten auch Dutzende Mitarbeiter der EU-Grenzagentur Frontex.

In der vergangenen Woche hatte Dendias angekündigt, dass sein Land trotz internationaler Kritik am Bau eines knapp elf Kilometer langen Grenzzauns zur Türkei festhalte. Er soll Anfang Oktober fertig sein.”

 

(Quelle: greenpeace magazin.)

Namibia: Zwangssterilisation für HIV-positive Frauen

Montag, Juli 30th, 2012

“Namibia zwingt HIV-positive Frauen zu Sterilisation

Die drei Mütter hatten 2009 gegen die Regierung geklagt, nachdem sie in einem staatlichen Krankenhaus der Sterilisation zustimmen mussten

30.07.2012 | EPD

Namibias Regierung hat nach Einschätzung eines Gerichts drei HIV-positive Frauen zu einer Sterilisation gezwungen. Damit seien die Grundrechte der Frauen verletzt worden, urteilten die Richter am Montag und sprachen den Opfern Schadensersatz zu. Die Höhe der Zahlung soll zu einem späteren Zeitpunkt festgelegt werden.

Die Mütter hatten 2009 gegen die Regierung geklagt, nachdem sie in einem staatlichen Krankenhaus der Sterilisation zustimmen mussten, um mit einem Kaiserschnitt entbunden zu werden. Ein Kaiserschnitt reduziert das Risiko, dass sich das Kind während der Geburt mit dem HI-Virus ansteckt. Die Operationen fanden 2005, 2007 und 2009 statt. Richter Elton Hoff fand die Vorwürfe bewiesen. Allerdings gebe es keine Belege dafür, dass die Frauen wegen ihrer HIV-Infektion sterilisiert worden seien.

Zwangssterilisation auch in anderen afrikanischen Ländern

Nach Angaben von Frauenorganisationen und der Menschenrechtsorganisation SALC, die die Frauen vor Gericht vertrat, gibt es in Namibia 40 dokumentierte Fälle von Zwangssterilisation HIV-positiver Frauen. Sie hätten fürchten müssen, dass ihnen ohne eine Zustimmung zur Sterilisation eine Kaiserschnittgeburt verweigert worden wäre, sagten die Anwälte von SALC. Das Gesundheitsministerium habe angeordnet, HIV positive Frauen zu sterilisieren.

Auch in anderen Ländern im südlichen Afrika wie in Swasiland gibt es den SALC-Anwälten zufolge ähnliche Vorgehensweisen. In Namibia liegt die HIV-Rate nach UN-Angaben bei 13 Prozent.”

 

(Quelle: evangelisch.de)

Global: Strahlendes Loch im Himmel

Montag, Juli 30th, 2012

“NASA’s Dangerous Alliance With the Nuclear Industry

Nukes on Mars

by KARL GROSSMAN

World Nuclear News, the information arm of the World Nuclear Association which seeks to boost the use of atomic energy, last week heralded a NASA Mars rover slated to land on Mars on Monday, the first Mars rover fueled with plutonium.

“A new era of space exploration is dawning through the application of nuclear energy for rovers on Mars and the Moon, power generation at future bases on the surfaces of both and soon for rockets that enable interplanetary travel,” began a dispatch from World Nuclear News. It was headed: “Nuclear ‘a stepping stone’ to space exploration.”

In fact, in space as on Earth there are safe, clean alternatives to nuclear power. Indeed, right now a NASA space probe energized by solar energy is on its way to Jupiter, a mission which for years NASA claimed could not be accomplished without nuclear power providing onboard electricity. Solar propulsion of spacecraft has begun. And also, scientists, including those at NASA, have been working on using solar energy and other safe power sources for human colonies on Mars and the Moon.

The World Nuclear Association describes itself as “representing the people and organizations of the global nuclear profession.” World Nuclear News says it “is supported administratively and with technical advice by the World Nuclear Association and is based within its London Secretariat.”

Its July 27th dispatch notes that the Mars rover that NASA calls Curiosity and intends to land on August 6th, is “powered by a large radioisotope thermal generator instead of solar cells” as previous NASA Mars rovers had been. It is fueled with 10.6 pounds of plutonium.

“Next year,” said World Nuclear News, “China is to launch a rover for the Moon” that also will be “powered by a nuclear battery.” And “most significant of all” in terms of nuclear power in space, continued World Nuclear News, “could be the Russian project for a ‘megawatt-class’ nuclear-powered rocket.” It cites Anatoly Koroteev, chief of Russia’s Keldysh Research Centre, as saying the system being developed could provide “thrust…20 times that of current chemical rockets, enabling heavier craft with greater capabilities to travel further and faster than ever before.” There would be a “launch in 2018.”

The problem—a huge one and not mentioned whatsoever by World Nuclear News—involves accidents with space nuclear power systems releasing radioactivity impacting on people and other life on Earth. That has already happened. With more space nuclear operations, more atomic mishaps would be ahead.

NASA, before last November’s launch of Curiosity, acknowledged that if the rocket lofting it exploded at launch in Florida, plutonium could be released affecting an area as far as 62 miles away—highly-populated and including Orlando. Further, if the rocket didn’t break out of the Earth’s gravitational field, it and the rover would fall back into the atmosphere and break up, potentially releasing plutonium over a massive area. In its Final Environmental Impact Statement for the mission, NASA said in this situation plutonium could impact on “Earth surfaces between approximately 28-degrees north latitude and 28-degrees south latitude.” That includes Central America and much of South America, Asia, Africa and Australia.

The EIS said the costs of decontamination of plutonium in areas would be $267 million for each square mile of farmland, $478 million for each square mile of forests and $1.5 billion for each square mile of “mixed-use urban areas.” The Curiosity mission itself, because of $900 million in cost overruns, now has a price of $2.5 billion.

NASA set the odds very low for a plutonium release for Curiosity. The EIS said “overall” on the mission, the likelihood of plutonium being released was 1-in-220.

Bruce Gagnon, coordinator of the Global Network Against Weapons & Nuclear Power in Space , for more than 20 years the leading opposition group to space nuclear missions, declared that “NASA sadly appears committed to maintaining its dangerous alliance with the nuclear industry. Both entities view space as a new market for the deadly plutonium fuel…Have we not learned anything from Chernobyl and Fukushima? We don’t need to be launching nukes into space. It’s not a gamble we can afford to take.”

Plutonium has long been described as the most lethal radioactive substance. And the plutonium isotope used in the space nuclear program, and on the Curiosity rover, is significantly more radioactive than the type of plutonium used as fuel in nuclear weapons or built up as a waste product in nuclear power plants. It is Plutonium-238 as distinct from Plutonium-239. Plutonium-238 has a far shorter half-life–87.8 years compared to Plutonium-239 with a half-life of 24,500 years. An isotope’s half-life is the period in which half of its radioactivity is expended.

Dr. Arjun Makhijani, a nuclear physicist and president of the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research, explains that Plutonium-238 “is about 270 times more radioactive than Plutonium-239 per unit of weight.” Thus in radioactivity, the 10.6 pounds of Plutonium-238 being used on Curiosity is the equivalent of 2,862 pounds of Plutonium-239. The atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki used 15 pounds of Plutonium-239.

The far shorter half-life of Plutonium-238 compared to Plutonium-239 results in it being extremely hot. This heat is translated in a radioisotope thermoelectric generator into electricity.

The pathway of greatest health concern for plutonium is breathing in a particle leading to lung cancer. A millionth of a gram of plutonium can be a fatal dose. The EIS for Curiosity speaks of particles that would be “transported to and remain in the trachea, bronchi, or deep lung regions.” The particles “would continuously irradiate lung tissue.”

There hasn’t been an accident on the Curiosity mission. But the EIS acknowledged that there have been mishaps previously—in this spaceborne game of nuclear Russian roulette. Of the 26 earlier U.S. space missions that have used plutonium listed in the EIS, three underwent accidents, it admitted. The worst occurred in 1964 and involved, it noted, the SNAP-9A plutonium system aboard a satellite that failed to achieve orbit and dropped to Earth, disintegrating as it fell. The 2.1 pounds of Plutonium-238 fuel onboard dispersed widely over the Earth. Dr. John Gofman, professor of medical physics at the University of California at Berkeley, long linked this accident to an increase in global lung cancer. With the SNAP-9A accident, NASA switched to solar energy on satellites. Now all satellites and the International Space Station are solar powered.

The worst accident of several involving a Soviet or Russian nuclear space systems was the fall from orbit in 1978 of the Cosmos 954 satellite powered by a nuclear reactor. It also broke up in the atmosphere as it fell, spreading radioactive debris over 77,000 square miles of the Northwest Territories of Canada.

In 1996, the Russian Mars 96 space probe, energized with a half-pound of Plutonium-238 fuel, failed to break out of the Earth’s gravity and came down—as a fireball—over northern Chile. There was fall-out in Chile and neighboring Bolivia.

Initiatives in recent years to power spacecraft safely and cleanly include the launch by NASA last August 8th of a solar-powered space probe it calls Juno to Jupiter. NASA’s Juno website currently reports: “The spacecraft is in excellent health and is operating nominally.” It is flying at 35,200 miles per hour and is to reach Jupiter in 2016. Even at Jupiter, “nearly 500 million miles from the Sun,” notes NASA, its solar panels will be providing electricity. Waves

Solar power has also begun to be utilized to propel spacecraft through the friction-less vacuum of space. The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency in 2010 launched what it termed a “space yacht” called Ikaros which got propulsion from the pressure on its large sails from ionizing particles emitted by the Sun. The sails also feature “thin-film solar cells to generate electricity and creating,” said Yuichi Tsuda of the agency, “a hybrid technology of electricity and pressure.”

As to power for colonies on Mars and the Moon, on Mars, not only the sun is considered as a power source but also energy from the Martian winds. And, on the Moon, as The Daily Galaxy has reported: “NASA is eying the Moon’s south polar region as a possible site for future outposts. The location has many advantages; for one thing, there is evidence of water frozen in deep dark south polar craters. Water can be split into oxygen to breathe and hydrogen to burn as rocket fuel—or astronauts could simply drink it. NASA’s lunar architects are also looking for what they call ‘peaks of eternal light’—polar mountains where the sun never sets, which might be a perfect settings for a solar power station.”

Still, the pressure by promoters of nuclear energy on NASA and space agencies around the world to use atomic energy in space is intense—as is the drive of nuclear promoters on governments and the public for atomic energy on Earth.

Critically, nuclear power systems for space use must be fabricated on Earth—with all the dangers that involves, and launched from Earth—with all the dangers that involves (1 out of 100 rockets destruct on launch), and are subject to falling back to Earth and raining deadly radioactivity on human beings and other life on this planet.

Karl Grossman, professor of journalism at the State University of New York/College of New York, is the author of the book, The Wrong Stuff: The Space’s Program’s Nuclear Threat to Our Planet. Grossman is an associate of the media watch group Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting (FAIR). He is a contributor to Hopeless: Barack Obama and the Politics of Illusion.”

 

(Quelle: Counterpunch.)

USA: Sand im Getriebe

Samstag, Juli 28th, 2012

“Statement before Judge Nash, 12 April 2012

Hearing for disruption of Super Committee charge

By Leah Bolger (about the author)

I joined the U.S. Navy in 1980 and served on active duty for the next 20 years relatively ignorant of the vastness of the U.S. military machine and its deep-seated entrenchment with our government and economy. I had little understanding of the “military-industrial complex’ that President Eisenhower warned us about 50 years ago, and I certainly didn’t know what Major General Smedley Butler meant when he said that “War is a racket.”

Now I am beginning to understand the enormity of the power that the U.S. military machine holds. Capitalism is supposed to be an economic system”not a foreign policy–but war making has become very profitable. Profit means money and it is money that controls the power in our government. It doesn’t matter to the government that wars are immoral, illegal or ineffective. Government policies are shaped by the will of the corporate interests who have direct, immediate and in some cases, almost exclusive access to them.

And so it was in the case of the Super Committee–a hand-selected committee of 12 senators and representatives who were given extra-ordinary (some say extra-Constitutional) powers, met in secret, and solicited testimony from not one citizen. My own Congressman did not have access to this committee, but over 250 lobbyists did. I have come to understand what millions of Americans already know–that the will of the people is of little concern to those in power. We can demonstrate and petition and write letters until we are blue in the face, but those actions can’t compete with the power of the money coming from the lobbyists and corporate interests.

It takes an enormous amount of money to be elected to Congress, and once elected Congress is forced to perpetually raise money in order to be reelected. It is a never-ending vicious circle, and Congress quickly becomes beholden to the interests who financed their elections–not the people they are supposed to be representing. So it doesn’t matter to Congress that the American people rank military spending as their #18 priority, according to the National Opinion Research Center. The same poll has repeatedly shown the health care and education are the top two priorities of the American people by far, yet the allocation of our federal tax dollars is completely opposite that of the people’s desires.

Our elected government repeatedly and consistently ignores the will of the people. So, when I saw an opportunity at the Super Committee to literally stand up and speak out on behalf of the American people–I seized it. I knew I would be arrested, but I also knew that it was a unique and rare opportunity to make sure that the voice of the people was heard. I know that most people are not able to act as I did. It takes a certain amount of latitude in ones personal responsibilities to be able to come to Washington, stand trial, and face jail time–not to mention a good deal of chutzpah to be able to walk to the well of a senate hearing room and directly address Congress. Because most people cannot do what I did, I acted on their behalf. It seems the only way for the average citizen to be heard is through an act of civil disobedience, and indeed , I am the sole citizen who was heard by the Super Committee.

Many people who support me have asked me why I am pleading guilty. I am doing so because I readily admit what I did. It would be a waste of everyone’s time to force the government to prove that. But in pleading guilty to what I did, I am also pointing an accusing finger at our government, which is completely failing its people.

I have been charged with “Unlawful Conduct–Disruption of Congress.” My dictionary has two definitions for “disrupt.” The first is to interrupt (an event, activity, or process) by causing a disturbance or problem– which is what I did. The second definition says to “disrupt” is to drastically alter or destroy the structure of (something). I only wish that my 52-second interruption could have truly “disrupted” the status quo, because if anything needs to be drastically altered, it’s Congress.

I think your Honor understands that I committed this act out of a sense of responsibility and obligation. I am aware that the potential penalties that you may impose as a result of my guilty plea include community service and fines. I would like your Honor to know that at this point I do not intend to pay a fine beyond the victims of violent crime fund assessment. To do so would violate my personal values. One of the main reasons I committed this act is my objection to the reality that one must pay money in order to have the ear of Congress.

I would also object to the awarding of community service as a punishment. I consider the work that I do every day as a full-time volunteer antiwar activist to be a service to the community.

Lastly, I would like to thank the court for listening to my statement and considering all of the testimony that has been submitted on my behalf.

(…)

Leah Bolger spent 20 years on active duty in the U.S. Navy and retired in 2000 at the rank of Commander. She is currently a full-time peace activist and serves as the President of more…

 
(Quelle: OpEdNews.)

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