Posts Tagged ‘Jarawa’

Indien: “Wilde zivilisieren”

Donnerstag, Juli 1st, 2010

Outrage at call to remove Andaman tribe’s children

“An Indian MP’s call for the children of a recently-contacted Andaman Island tribe to be removed from their parents and sent to residential schools has sparked worldwide outrage.

Indigenous people around the world have reacted furiously to the move, which echoes the much-criticised policy of the ‘Stolen Generation’ in Australia, and similar policies in North America.


© Agfa foto-Historama
Apache children after being taken from their families and sent to a white-run school. USA, 19th Century.

Michael Cachagee, Executive Director of the National Residential School Survivors’ Society (NRSSS) in Canada, said, ‘The NRSSS cannot comprehend or fathom that any nation in today’s world would consider interning any of their citizens, especially children, in a ‘residential school’, given the horrific history associated with these types of schools in Canada and other parts of the world.’

From Brazil, Yanomami leader Davi Kopenawa Yanomami said, ‘This plan is very bad. The forest is the Jarawa’s home. They are in their own land. They have their own traditions and their own culture. If the government takes their children away and puts them in a school, they will lose their culture.  If they are made to leave and live in a town, in a school, it would be a crime.’

MP (Member of Parliament) Bishnu Pada Ray wants to ‘wean’ Jarawa children away from the tribe in order to ‘drastically mainstream’ them.

He will propose to India’s Island Development Authority in July that ‘quick and drastic steps be taken to bring the Jarawa up to the basic mainstream characteristics’. He describes the Jarawa as being ‘in a primitive stage of development’ and ‘stuck in time somewhere between the stone and iron age’.


© Agfa foto-Historama
Apache children after being taken from their families and sent to a white-run school. USA, 19th Century.

Similar schemes in the US, Canada and Australia are now acknowledged to have been disastrous, and to have left hundreds of thousands of indigenous people traumatized.

Mr Ray is also demanding that restrictions on developments in the Jarawa reserve be lifted, so that a highway running through the reserve can be upgraded, and a railway built. India’s Supreme Court ordered in 2002 that the existing Andaman Trunk Road must be closed to protect the Jarawa, but it remains open.

Survival’s director Stephen Corry said today, ‘These scandalous proposals are contemptuous both of indigenous peoples’ rights and the UN’s standards for their protection. Attempts to force the Jarawa to abandon their way of life will simply destroy them.’

Read in full the Andamans MP’s proposals regarding the Jarawa

Note to Editors: For more information on the devastating impact of imposing development on tribal people read Survival’s ground-breaking report, Progress Can Kill

 

(Quelle: Survival International.)

Indien: TouristInnen begaffen Indigene auf den Andamanen

Dienstag, Juni 22nd, 2010

Human safaris threaten Andaman tribe

A Jarawa man and boy by the side of the Andamans Trunk Road
A Jarawa man and boy by the side of the Andamans Trunk Road
© Salomé

The survival of the Jarawa tribe of the Andaman Islands is being threatened by human safaris run by local tour operators.

Survival announced today that it has written to eight travel companies that promote visits to, or sightings of, the Jarawa people, urging them to put an immediate stop to their tours. The trips put the tribe, who are likely to have little immunity to common illnesses, at serious risk of disease.

The promotion of tourism to the Jarawa is illegal. Four of the companies stopped promoting Jarawa tourism on their websites after Survival wrote to them. The Indian government also issued a public warning to companies after Survival alerted it to the safaris. Four companies, however, are continuing to promote the tours.

Many more companies promote such tours from their shops in the Andaman Islands.

An illegal highway runs through the Jarawa reserve, bringing in tourists, poachers and settlers. Survival is urging the Indian government to close the road immediately, and to stop intruders trespassing on the Jarawa’s land.

Stephen Corry, Survival’s director, said today,

‘The Jarawa people lived successfully on their island without contact with outsiders for probably about 55,000 years, until 1998. Today, a road runs right through their forest home, and they risk decimation by disease. They call themselves the Ang, which means ‘human being’, yet they are being ogled at like animals in a game reserve.

‘The very last member of the neighbouring Bo tribe died in January. We must not allow the same fate to befall the Jarawa, or the world will lose yet another vibrant, knowledgeable and complex part of humankind.’

*

Notes to Editors:

1. Those companies still advertising tours with sightings of the Jarawa include:

Andaman Island Adventure [June 17 update: The page now appears to have been taken down. The company have written to Survival today saying that they will remove the references to the Jarawa from their website];
Explore Andaman with Kariappa;
Rhino Jungle Adventures;
Offbeat Andaman Vacations

2. The following companies have stopped promoting tours to the Jarawa on their websites since Survival wrote to them:

• Andaman and Nicobar Islands Tours and Travels, owned by Barefoot India. Barefoot says it bought the company and website from another tour operator, and did not run the tours that were advertised as the website was ‘“dead” for all practical purposes’. Barefoot’s Director has explained that they did not have the necessary password to enable them to change the website. Since Survival wrote to the company, the website has been removed;
• Sky-Sketch (India)
• Andaman Island Travels
• Vicky Tours and Travels

3. In 2002 the Supreme Court of India ruled that the highway that runs through the Jarawa reserve should be closed, but the government has kept the road open.

Facts about the Jarawa and Bo peoples

1. The Jarawa number about 320 and live in the thick forests of South and Middle Andaman. They hunt pig and monitor lizard, fish with bows and arrows, and gather seeds, berries and honey. They are nomadic, living in bands of 40-50 people. In 1998, some Jarawa started coming out of their forest to visit nearby towns and settlements for the first time.
2. The Andaman tribes’ ancestors are thought to have been amongst the first people to migrate successfully from Africa to Asia.
3. The Andaman and Nicobar archipelago consists of more than 500 islands.
Most of the Bo tribe died of diseases brought by the British in the 19th century. The death of Boa Sr in January 2010 meant that what may have been one of the world’s oldest languages, Bo, also came to an end.”

(Quelle: Survival International.)