Posts Tagged ‘Selbstmord’

USA: Traumatisierte SoldatInnen

Samstag, Oktober 8th, 2011

“Study: A fifth of war veterans have mental health issues

By David Goldstein | McClatchy Newspapers

WASHINGTON — Nearly 20 percent of the more than 2 million troops who have served in Iraq and Afghanistan suffer from mental health conditions, according to a new report.

They amount to more than half of the 712,000 veterans from both wars who have sought medical treatment since leaving military service. Nearly a third of those veterans may suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder, one of the signature injuries of the conflicts.

Veterans for Common Sense, a nonprofit, nonpartisan activist group for veterans’ interests, and health care issues in particular, compiled the statistics from a raft of government reports.

In whittling them down to just the bare data, the group created a grim shorthand for the toll the wars have taken on a generation of young men and women.

“A large number of people serving overseas have mental health impacts, and more and more are coming home,” said Democratic Sen. Patty Murray of Washington, the chairman of the Senate Committee on Veterans’ Affairs. “I am deeply concerned that we are not ready.”

The Department of Veterans Affairs, which is trying to grapple with the wave of new and damaged veterans, has been under considerable stress. In a related development this week, an internal VA survey requested by Murray’s committee found that its staff doesn’t think it has the resources to handle the growing demand from new veterans for mental health services.

Paul Sullivan, the executive director of Veterans for Common Sense, said that in 2003, the government expected that the VA would see about 50,000 new patients from both wars. With nearly three-quarters of a million Iraq and Afghanistan veterans already in the VA system, he said, the long-term estimate was “ominous.”

“More than 1 million total patients from the wars by the end of 2013,” Sullivan predicted.

His group summarized health care data on veterans based on reports by the VA, the Department of Defense, congressional testimony and its own work over the years.

Of the 109,000 casualties since combat in Iraq and Afghanistan began, 6,200 troops have been killed. Among those were 298 war-zone suicides, according to the study. Overall, it reported 2,300 active-duty suicides since 2001.

Suicides have been a persistent problem, underscoring the stress that 10 years of war have placed on the troops as a result of multiple deployments. In 2009, suicides exceeded deaths in combat.

The study said that nearly 1 million troops — 42 percent of all service members sent to the combat zones — have been deployed at least twice.”




(Quelle: McClatchy Newspaper.)

Brasilien: Hauptsache Bio!

Donnerstag, Oktober 7th, 2010

“Shell in row over Brazilian Indian land grab

Brazilian authorities have written to energy giant Shell expressing concern over the activities of its new Brazilian joint-venture partner, which is producing biofuels from land taken from an impoverished Indian tribe.

Last month, Shell signed a $12 billion deal to produce biofuels from sugar cane with Brazilian biofuels giant Cosan. But some of Cosan’s sugar cane is grown on land officially recognized as belonging to Guarani Indians.

A Brazilian prosecutor with constitutional powers to defend indigenous rights in court, has written to Shell warning that its involvement in the joint venture ‘jeopardizes the company’s commitment to biodiversity and sustainability’.

The film ‘Birdwatchers’ brought the Guarani’s plight worldwide attention in 2008, and one of the film’s stars, Ambrosio Vilhalva, is from the community affected by Cosan’s activities.

Speaking of the sugar cane plantations that have swallowed much of his tribe’s lands, Mr Vilhalva said today, ‘The sugar cane plantations are finishing off the Indians. Our lands are getting smaller and smaller. The plantations are killing the Indians.’

Earlier this month, the UN’s top expert on indigenous rights published a report to the UN Human Rights Council in which he says he is ‘deeply concerned about the allegations of violence against the Guarani people and the severe impact that the aggressive policy of governments in the past to sell large tracts of traditional lands to non-indigenous farmers has had on the Guarani communities.’

Almost all Guarani land has already been stolen from them to make way for cattle ranches, soya plantations and sugar cane. The Guarani suffer violent attacks whenever they attempt to return to their ancestral territories. Their leaders are frequently targeted by gunmen and dozens have been assassinated. The tribe has one of the highest suicide rates in the world, and babies are dying from malnutrition because the tribe has no land to cultivate or hunt on.

Survival’s Director, Stephen Corry, said today, ‘Shell is threatening to aggravate what is already one of the most critical situations of all Indian peoples in Brazil. Now the company knows what its Brazilian partner is up to, we hope they won’t want to be implicated in the appalling theft of the Guarani’s land.’

Survival has written to Shell about Cosan’s activities, which clearly breach Shell’s ‘Statement of General Business Principles’.

Read Cosan’s Code of Ethics

Download Survival’s report to the UN on the situation of the Guarani of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil


(Quelle: Survival International.)