Posts Tagged ‘Tschechische Republik’

Tschechische Republik: Skandalöse Diskriminierung

Donnerstag, Juni 23rd, 2011

UN Calls on Czech Authorities to Desegregate Schools

Budapest, New York, 23 June 2011: The ERRC welcomes observations published this week by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child calling on the Czech Republic to end “systematic and unlawful” segregation and discrimination directed against Roma children, and “de facto exclusion” of children with disabilities from mainstream education.

The Open Society Foundation’s Justice and Disability Rights Initiatives, the European Roma Rights Centre (ERRC), the League of Human Rights (LIGA) and the Mental Disability Advocacy Center (MDAC) made a joint submission to the Committee in advance of the review.

The Committee noted that despite its previous recommendations, and a judgment from the European Court of Human Rights, “there continues to be serious and widespread issues of discrimination, particularly against the minority Roma children in the [Czech Republic], including the systemic and unlawful segregation of children of Roma origin from mainstream education”.

It called on the government “to expeditiously take all measures necessary to ensure the effective elimination of any and all forms of segregating children of Roma origin”, noting particularly the need for a detailed timeline and defined benchmarks in implementing reforms.

The Committee noted with serious concern that the “de facto exclusion of children with disabilities from mainstream education remains the norm”, as schools are permitted to refuse access to mainstream schooling on the basis of insufficient material resources. With parents left to fill this funding gap, it went on to criticize the “inappropriate transfer of the onus from the State to parents to fund their children’s education in a free public school.” It called on the Czech government to ensure the provision of adequate financial, technical and human resources for schools to effectively provide mainstream education for children with disabilities. In doing so, the committee referenced Article 24 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, synthesizing its recommendations on the education of children with disabilities with this convention for the first time.

This was also the first time Roma and disability rights organizations have pursued joint advocacy on the right to education for children in the Czech Republic. The strength of the Committee’s concluding observations reflects the benefits of this holistic approach, and their references to civil society “and children themselves” being involved in and consulted on policies for implementation of the convention is welcome encouragement and acknowledgment of civil societies pivotal role in monitoring children’s rights.

ERRC Executive Director Robert Kushen welcomed the Committee’s observations: “The Czech authorities once again have been clearly instructed to ensure that no child is excluded from quality education in mainstream schooling for another academic year. We urge the Czech Ministry of Education to institute urgent measures in response to growing international concern about illegal segregation.”

For further information, contact:

Sinan Gökçen
Media and Communications Officer
sinan.gokcen@errc.org
+36.30.500.1324

 

(Quelle: ERRC.)

Tschechische Republik: UNESCO-Erbe Sumava bedroht

Dienstag, Mai 17th, 2011

“BirdLife Partnerschaft ruft zu Rettung des Sumava in Tschechien auf

Im April unterzeichneten 37 Vorsitzende der europäischen und asiatischen BirdLife Partnerschaft einen Aufruf an den tschechischen Premierminister, Petr Nečas, die drohende Zerstörung des Böhmerwalds (tschechisch „Sumava“), einem der letzten unberührten Wälder Europas, aufzuhalten.

Das Sumava-Gebiet wird durch einen Borkenkäferbefall beeinträchtigt, einem periodisch auftretenden natürlichen Phänomen, das zum massenhaften Absterben von Bäumen führt. Die Forstbehörden in der Tschechischen Republik haben die Gelegenheit genutzt und versuchen, die kommerzielle Nutzung des streng geschützten Waldes durchzusetzen. Obwohl das Gebiet Teil des europäischen Schutzgebietsnetzwerkes Natura 2000 ist und obwohl es als Nationalpark und als Unesco Welterbe ausgewiesen ist, droht ohne die Abschätzung der Folgen auf die Umwelt oder die Berücksichtigung vieler im Wald lebender Arten irreversibler ökologischer Schaden.

Bei den Waldarbeiten soll zum einen Totholz entnommen werden, das für das Überleben von Spechtarten und zahlreichen Insektenarten von großer Bedeutung ist, zum anderen sollen lebende Bäume gefällt werden, die die natürliche Regeneration des Waldes sicherstellen. Auch stören die Waldarbeiten hochempfindlicher Arten wie das Auerhuhn (Tetrao urogallus), das hier sein letztes Vorkommen in der Tschechischen Republik hat.

Der wilde Böhmerwald, einer der letzten Naturschätze Europas, ist Teil eines grenzübergreifenden Schutzgebietskomplexes, der sich bis nach Deutschland erstreckt. Das Sumava-Gebiet stellt den letzten großflächigeren, ökologisch wertvollen Waldbestand in Mitteleuropa dar.

Der Aufruf von BirdLife Europa ist ein letzter Versuch, diese wunderbare Landschaft und den Zufluchtsort gefährdeter Arten vor der Vernichtung zu bewahren. Die Zerstörung des Sumava-Gebietes wäre nicht nur ein Angriff auf das Unesco-Erbe, gleichzeitig stellt sie eine klare Verletzung des EU-Rechtes und der internationalen Vereinbarungen dar, die von der Republik Tschechien unterzeichnet wurden.”

 

(Quelle: BirdLife Europe e-news 04/2011.)

EU: Waffenverkäufe an Bahrain und Jemen nicht gestoppt

Sonntag, Mai 15th, 2011

“[Comment] EU should ban arms sales to Yemen and Bahrain

By LETTA TAYLER

EUOBSERVER / COMMENT – The text message from a Yemeni activist was desperate. Security forces had opened fire on a square occupied by anti-government protesters in the port city of Aden on 30 April, killing two and wounding dozens. “The shooting doesn’t stop,” she wrote. “Please, help us!”

Cries for help have been streaming out of Yemen since February, when security forces and pro-government assailants began brutal crackdowns on peaceful protesters seeking to oust President Ali Abdullah Saleh.

The attacks have killed at least 121 people and injured hundreds, many from gunfire. People are also pleading for help in Bahrain, where security forces shot dead at least a dozen protesters as well as several security agents during demonstrations in February and March.

Yet while European leaders deplore the violence in both Bahrain and Yemen, they have done precious little to stem the flow of weapons that both governments have used against their citizens. Each year, EU states export millions of euros worth of guns, teargas, and other arms to these repressive governments, with scant regard for how these sales make them complicit in the murders of ordinary people demanding their rights.

When EU ministers meet on Friday (13 May) in Brussels, they should ban all arms sales to Yemen, Bahrain, and any other country that is using excessive force to quash legitimate dissent.

EU members already have taken a few important steps, but they fall far short of what is needed to end the brutality. On 6 May, EU foreign ministers agreed to suspend weapons sales to Syria after security forces there killed hundreds of peaceful protesters.

In February, the UK revoked 156 licenses for weapons sales to Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Bahrain, and ordered a review of weapons sales to Yemen. France swiftly followed suit by announcing it was suspending arms sales to Bahrain and Libya.

This piecemeal approach, though, willfully ignores the EU Code of Conduct on Arms Exports of 1998, which calls on all member states not to sell weapons to countries or regions where there is a clear risk that they will be used for internal repression or other human rights abuses.

The code has been in place in its current form since 2008, when repression was already well documented in countries whose citizens ultimately rose up in this year’s so-called “Arab spring.”

Yet total EU arms exports to north Africa and the Middle East nearly doubled, from €5.8 billion in 2008 to €11.6 billion in 2009, the latest year for which figures are available, according to the EU’s annual report on arms exports.

That included weapons sales of €100 million in 2009 to Yemen. The biggest EU supplier that year was Bulgaria, which sold €85.9 million worth of firearms, ammunition, bombs, rockets or missiles, followed by the Czech Republic, with €7.4 million and France, with €4 million.

In 2008, the UK led the pack in weapons sales to Yemen, its sales that year valued at €17.8 million.

According to a US diplomatic cable released by WikiLeaks, the 2009 Bulgarian sale included 30,000 assault rifles as well as explosives and rocket propelled grenades. The cable expressed concerns that the deal, financed by the United Arab Emirates, would contribute to small arms proliferation in Yemen – a country with an active al-Qaeda branch and where the ratio of weapons to people already approaches 1:2.

The UK was a leading arms exporter to Bahrain in 2010, with £5.7 million [€6.4 million] in sales, according to the UK-based Campaign Against Arms Trade. UK sales to Bahrain in the past five years include sub-machineguns, sniper rifles, smoke canisters, stun grenades, tear gas and riot shields.

In 2009, Bahrain received €39.8 million in weapons from EU member states; France sold it €28 million, Belgium €6.3 million, Sweden €2.4 million, and Germany €2 million, the EU arms report said.

The EU is hardly alone in selling arms to human rights violators. The US is the world’s leading supplier of conventional arms to the Middle East, and hundreds of people suffered severe reactions after security forces in Egypt, Bahrain and Yemen fired US-made tear gas at peaceful protesters. The US in April announced that it is reviewing arms sales to the region on a “case-by-case” basis. The EU can do far better.

The 27 EU member states immediately should ban exports of arms and security equipment to Yemen and Bahrain in response to their brutal repression of peaceful dissent until authorities in the two countries stop their violent crackdowns against citizens, conduct independent investigations into the attacks, prosecute suspected perpetrators, and recognize and compensate victims.

Until the EU matches its words with those actions, the blood of Arab spring protesters will stain its hands.

Letta Tayler is a Yemen researcher at Human Rights Watch”

 

(Quelle: EUobserver.)

Europa: Roma müssen schon wieder fliehen

Samstag, Juli 3rd, 2010

“BURNED GIRL A SYMBOL OF DISCRIMINATION FACING GYPSIES IN EUROPE

By Tristan Simoneau, Impunity Watch Reporter, Europe


(Photo Courtesy of White Watch)
Natalka, the three year old victim of the arson attack.

VITKOV, Czech Republic — Natalka Kudrikova, is a three year old girl recovering from severe burns she suffered last year after a Molotov cocktail was thrown through the window of her family home in Vitkov. Natalka is from the Roma or gypsy minority, and police believe that the alleged arson attack could have been racially motivated. Inside of the home was a Roma family of eight, several of whom were injured by the fire. Natalka lost 80% of her skin, three fingers, and spent months in an induced coma following the attack. After 14 major surgeries she is still recuperating and cannot walk without support. Her 27 year old mother suffered 2nd and 3rd degree burns to 30% of her body.

In May, the four young men accused of attacking Natalka were charged with racially motivated attempted murder. Under cross examination, two of the men admitted to attending anti Roma demonstrations organized by right wing extremists. A photo of one of the men walking next to the leader of the far-right Workers’Party was recently published by an anti-fascist website. The leader of the now banned Workers’ Party, Tomas Vandas, denies any involvement in the incident. It is reported that the extreme-right seem to have a new confidence about them holding regular marches through Czech towns. In regions with high unemployment and poor social conditions the rise of extremism is popular with unemployed young men. In fear of persecution, hundreds of Romanies are now emigrating and many have been granted asylum in Canada.

According to a 2005 UNICEF report, 84% of Roma in Bulgaria, 88 % in Romania, and 91% in Hungary live below the poverty line. In many European nations Roma have limited access to jobs and education and often live in squalid conditions without basic public services. In eastern Slovakia the village of Ostrovany spent $16,000 to build a wall separating the Roma from their ‘white’ neighbors, because of fears of ‘alleged Roma crime.’ In Hungary over the last two years, nine Roma have been killed in unprovoked night time attacks according to the European Roma Rights Center. Last month in Italy several Roma camps were torched. According to Claudio Cordone, Amnesty International’s interim Secretary General, ‘EU leaders must adopt a concrete plan of action to address the human rights abuses faced by Romani communities. They must speak up against racist attacks and hate speech and provide concrete measures to end discrimination in access to housing, education, health, and employment.’

For more information, please see:

Amnesty International — Europe must break cycle of discrimination facing Roma — 7 April 2010

CNN World — Burned girl a symbol of Roma hate and hope — 25 June 2010

Reuters — FACTBOX: Facing discrimination: Roma around Europe — 30 July 2008

Czech Radio — Police hunt for attackers as two-year-old Roma girl severely burned in alleged arson — 20 April 2009″

 

(Quelle: Impunity Watch.)

Afghanistan: Ein Blick auf die (para-) militärischen Opfer

Dienstag, Juni 8th, 2010

Die Web-Site “iCasualties” bietet einen stets aktuellen Überblick über die (para-) militärischen Opfer der “Operation Enduring Freedom” in Afghanistan:

Fatalities By Country

Country Total
Australia 13
Belgium 1
Canada 147
Czech 3
Denmark 32
Estonia 7
Finland 1
France 42
Germany 42
Hungary 2
Italy 24
Jordan 1
Latvia 3
Lithuania 1
NATO 5
Netherlands 24
Norway 5
Not yet reported 1
Poland 16
Portugal 2
Romania 13
South Korea 1
Spain 28
Sweden 4
Turkey 2
UK 292
US 1102
Total 1814

(Quelle: iCasualties.)

Siehe auch:

Verluste der Bundeswehr bei Auslandseinsätzen

Die NATO in Afghanistan: Weltkrieg in einem Land

Samstag, Mai 29th, 2010

“Die NATO in Afghanistan: Weltkrieg in einem Land

Von RICK ROZOFF, 28. Mai 2010 –

Seit die North Atlantic Treaty Organization/NATO im Jahr 2003 den Befehl über die International Security Assistance Force/ISAF in Afghanistan übernommen hat, ist die Anzahl der Soldaten unter diesem Kommando von 5.000 auf über 100.000 angestiegen.

Wenn man die US-Soldaten mitzählt, die in der eigenständigen (US-) Operation Enduring Freedom eingesetzt sind, befinden sich insgesamt 134.000 ausländische Soldaten in dem Land; bis zum Sommer werden es 150.000 sein, und dann sollen auch die meisten der GIs unter NATO-Befehl stehen. Neben den Truppen aus den USA gibt es 47.000 Soldaten aus anderen NATO-Staaten und aus Partner-Nationen.

Bald werden mehr US-Soldaten in Afghanistan als im Irak eingesetzt sein.

Bisher wurden in diesem Krieg mehr als 1.600 Soldaten aus den USA, den anderen NATO-Staaten und aus Ländern der Koalition getötet, 520 davon allein im letzten Jahr. Die Anzahl der US-Toten hat sich von 155 im Jahr 2008 auf 318 im Jahr 2009 mehr als verdoppelt.

In diesem Jahr wurden schon mehr als 170 afghanische Zivilisten getötet; im Vergleich zum gleichen Zeitraum des Vorjahres ist das ein Anstieg um 33 Prozent. Die Streitkräfte der USA und der NATO haben (…).”

Weiterlesen…

(Quelle: Hintergrund.)