Posts Tagged ‘Uran’

Afrika: Vor dem AKW-Run?

Donnerstag, Juni 6th, 2013

“Atomic Africa

Dokumentarfilm von Marcel Kolvenbach

Seit Jahren schon sind es afrikanische Staaten, die weltweit die Riege der Länder mit dem stärksten Wirtschaftswachstum anführen. Doch der neue Boom braucht Energie, Stromausfälle sind an der Tagesordnung. Immer mehr afrikanische Regierungen wollen deshalb auf Atomkraft setzen. Nach einer Prognose der Internationalen Atomenergie-Organisation IAEA sollen bis 2050 in Afrika 40 neue Atomkraftwerke gebaut werden, ganz nach dem Motto: “We want power, no arms” (“Strom statt Waffen”).

Zwei Jahre lang reiste der Filmemacher Marcel Kolvenbach durch Afrika und recherchierte im Zeichen dieser neuen afrikanischen Atompolitik – vom Osten des Kontinents nach Südafrika, weiter in den Kongo und von dort in die Sahara.

Stets nah bei den betroffenen Menschen zeigt der Filmemacher, wie sich der Konflikt um die Uranvorkommen des Kontinents verschärft. Vom Krieg in Mali bis hin zum Raubbau an der Natur in Tansania prägen die Interessen mächtiger Konzerne wie dem französischen Stromriesen Areva immer mehr das Schicksal ganzer Regionen.

Zugleich zeigt der Film eindrucksvoll, welche Folgen der Einstieg in die Atomkraft für die Umwelt und Sicherheit eines Kontinents haben dürfte, auf dem die wenigen Atomkraftgegner um ihr Leben fürchten müssen. “Atomic Africa” wird so zum politischen Road-Movie durch das nukleare Afrika (…).”

Sender:     WDR Fernsehen

Sendedatum: 06.06.2013

Sendezeit:   23:15 – 00:40 Uhr

 

(Quelle: programm.ARD.de)

Mali: Fette Beute

Montag, Januar 28th, 2013

“France launches bombing of northern Mali, with Canadian support

BY ROGER ANNIS | JANUARY 18, 2013

France, the former slave power of west Africa, has poured into Mali with a vengeance in a military attack launched on January 11. French warplanes are bombing towns and cities across the vast swath of northern Mali, a territory measuring some one thousand kilometers from south to north and east to west. French soldiers in armoured columns have launched a ground offensive, beginning with towns in the south of the northern territory, some 300 km north and east of the Malian capital of Bamako.

A French armoured convoy entered Mali several days ago from neighbouring Ivory Coast, another former French colony. French troops spearheaded the overthrow of that country’s government in 2011.

The invasion has received universal support from France’s imperialist allies. The U.S., Canada and Europe are assisting financially and with military transport. Earlier this week, Stephen Harper announced that Canada’s contribution would include the use of one C-17 military transport plane. 

To provide a figleaf of African legitimacy, plans have been accelerated to introduce troops from eight regional countries to join the fighting (map here).

“Islamist terrorists” etc., etc.

The public relations version of the French et al invasion is a familiar refrain. “Islamic terrorists” and “jihadists” have taken control of northern Mali and are a threat to international security and to the well-being of the local population. Terrible atrocities against the local populace are alleged and given wide publicity by corporate media. Similar myths were peddled by the warmakers when they invaded Afghanistan in 2001 and Iraq in 2003.

It is true that Islamic fundamentalists have ruled northern Mali with an iron hand since taking over in 2012. But the reasons for this latest intervention lie in the determination of the world’s imperial powers to keep the human and natural resources of poor regions of the world as preserves for capitalist profits. West Africa is a region of great resource wealth, including gold, oil and uranium.

The uranium mines in neighbouring Niger and the uranium deposits in Mali are of particular interest to France, which generates 78 percent of its electricity from nuclear energy. Niger’s uranium mines are highly polluting and deeply resented by the population, including among the semi-nomadic, Touareg people who reside in the mining regions. The French company Areva is presently constructing in Imouraren, Niger what will become the second largest uranium mine in the world.

Notwithstanding the fabulous wealth created by uranium mining, Niger is one of the poorest countries on Earth. As one European researcher puts it, “Uranium mining in Niger sustains light in France and darkness in Niger.”

Mali (population 15.5 million) is the third-largest gold producing country in Africa. Canada’s IAMGOLD operates two mines there (and a third in nearby Burkina Faso). Many other Canadian and foreign investors are present. 

A key player in the unfolding war is Algeria. The government there is anxious to prove its loyalty to imperialism. Its lengthy border with northern Mali is a key zone for the “pacification” of northern Mali upon which France and its allies are embarked.

Further proof of the hypocrisy of the “democracy” that France claims to be fighting for in Mali is found in the nature of the Mali regime with which it is allied. Often presented in mainstream media as a “beacon of democracy” in west Africa, the Mali government was little more than a corrupt and pliant neo-colonial regime before last year when the U.S.-trained and equipped Mali army twice overthrew it–in March and again in December. The Mali army now scrambling to fight alongside its French big brother was condemned and boycotted by the U.S., Europe and Canada during a brief, sham interlude of concern following the first coup.

Today, the Mali government is a shell of a regime that rules at the behest of the Mali military, the latter’s foreign trainers, and the foreign mining companies that provide much of its revenue.

The Touareg people

At the political heart of the conflict in Mali is the decades-long struggle of the Touareg, a semi-nomadic people numbering some 1.2 million. Their language is part of the Berber language group. Their historic homeland includes much of Niger and northern Mali and smaller parts of Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Algeria and Libya. They call themselves Kel Tamasheq (speakers of the Tamasheq language).

The Touareg have fought a succession of rebellions in the 20th century against the borders imposed by colonialism and then defended by post-independence, neo-colonial regimes. They are one of many minority nationalities in west Africa fighting for national self-determination, including the Sahwari of Western Sahara, a region controlled by Morocco and whose Sahwari leadership, the Polisario Front, is widely recognized internationally, and the Biafrans of Nigeria (whose story is told here and in a new book, ‘The Biafran War: The Struggle for Modern Nigeria,’ by Michael Gould).

The Tuareg were brutally subdued by colonial France at the outset of the 20th century. Following the independence of Mali and neighbouring countries in 1960, they continued to suffer discrimination. A First Touareg Rebellion took place in 1962-64.

A second, larger rebellion began in 1990 and won some autonomy from the Mali government that was elected in 1992 and re-elected in 1997. A third rebellion in Mali and Niger in 2007 won further political and territorial concessions, but these were constantly reneged. A Libya-brokered peace deal ended fighting in 2009.

The Mali state and army constantly sought to retake what they had lost. Violence and even massacres against the Touareg population pushed matters to a head in 2011. The army was defeated by the military forces of the National Liberation Movement of Azawad and on April 6, 2012, the MNLA declared an independent Azawad, as they call northern Mali and surrounding region. The Touareg are one of several national groups within the disputed territory.

The independence declaration proved premature and unsustainable. The MNLA was soon pushed aside by Islamist-inspired armed groups that oppose Touareg self-determination and an independent state. The army, meanwhile, continued to harass and kill people. A group of 17 visiting Muslim clerics, for example, were massacred on September 22, 2012.

According to unconfirmed reports, the MNLA has renounced the goal of an independent Azawad. It entered into talks with the Mali regime in December for autonomy in the northern region. A January 13 statement on the group’s website acquiesces to the French intervention but says it should not allow troops of the Mali army to pass beyond the border demarcation line declared in April of last year. 

Militarization of Mali and west Africa

Mali is one of the poorest places on earth but has been drawn into the whirlwind of post-September, 2001 militarization led by the United States. U.S. armed forces have been training the Mali military for years. In 2005, the U.S. established the Trans-Sahara Counter-Terrorism Partnership comprising eleven ‘partner’ African countries-Algeria, Burkina Faso, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal.

The ‘partnership’ conducts annual military exercises termed ‘Flintlock.’ This year’s exercise is to take place in Niger and according to the January 12 Globe and Mail, “Canada’s military involvement in Niger has already commenced.”

Canadian troops have participated in military exercises in west Africa since at least 2008. In 2009, Mali was named one of six “countries of focus” in Africa for Canadian aid. Beginning that year, Canadian aid to Mali leaped to where it is now one of the largest country recipients of Canada aid funds.

In 2008, Canada quietly launched a plan to establish at least six, new military bases abroad, including two in Africa. (It is not known exactly where the Africa part of the plan stands today.)

War atrocities

Only days into the French attack, evidence is mounting of significant civilian and military casualties. In the town of Douentza in central Mali, injured civilians can’t reach the local hospital, according to Médecins sans frontières (Doctors Without Borders). “Because of the bombardments and fighting, nobody is moving in the streets of Douentza and patients are not making it through to the hospital,” said a statement by the agency’s emergency response co-ordinator Rosa Crestani.

The International Red Cross is reporting scores of civilian and military casualties in the towns coming under French attack.

Amnesty International is worried. Its West Africa researcher, Salvatore Saguès, was in the country last September and saw the recruitment of children into the Mali army. He is worried about retaliatory attacks by the army if it retakes control of the towns and cities it has lost, notably in the northern cities of Gao, Kidal and Timbuktu.

He also warned of the plans to bring neighbouring armies into northern Mali. “These armies, who are already committing serious violations in their countries, are most likely to do the same, or at least not behave in accordance to international law if they are in Mali,” he said.

According to the U.N. refugee agency UNHCR, the latest crisis has internally displaced nearly 230,000 Malians. An additional 144,500 Malians were already refugees in neighbouring countries.

UNHCR spokesperson Adrian Edwards says half the population of the town of Konna, some 5,000 people, sought as French bombs threatened to fall by fleeing across the River Niger.

In an ominous sign of more civilian casualties to come, and echoing the excuses for atrocities by invading armies against civilians in Iraq, Afghanistan and Palestine in recent years, French military commanders are complaining of the difficulty in distinguishing fighters they are bombing from non-combatant populations. France’s army chief Edouard Guillaud told Reuters that France’s air strikes were being hampered because militants were using civilian populations as shields.

No to the war in Mali

The military attack in Mali was ordered by French President François Hollande, the winner of the 2012 election on behalf of the Socialist Party. His decision has been condemned by groups on the political left in France, including the Nouveau parti anticapitaliste and the Gauche anticapitaliste. The latter is a tendency with the Front de gauche (Left Front) that captured 11 percent of the first-round presidential vote last year.

Shockingly, the Left Front leadership group has come out in favour of the intervention. Deputy François Asensi spoke on behalf of the party leadership in the National Assembly on January 16 and declared, “The positions of the deputies of the Left Front, Communists and republicans, is clear: To abandon the people of Mali to the barbarism of fanatics would be a moral mistake…”

“International military action was necessary in order to avoid the installation of a terrorist state.”

His statement went on to complain that President Hollande did not bother to seek the approval of the National Assembly.

A January 12 statement by the French Communist Party (PCF), a component of the Left Front, said, “The PCF shares the concern of Malians over the armed offensive of the Jihadist groups towards the south of their country… The party recalls here that the response to the request for assistance by the president of Mali should have been made in the framework of a United Nations and African Union sponsorship, under the flag of the UN…”

Unlike the overthrow of Haiti’s elected government in 2004, which the PCF and Socialist Party supported at the time, France and its allies did not feel the need to obtain a rubber stamp of approval from the UN Security Council this time in Mali. But doing so would not have changed the predatory nature of this latest mission, just as it didn’t in Haiti.

 A January 15 statement by the Canadian Peace Alliance explains, “The real reason for NATO’s involvement is to secure strategic, resource rich areas of Africa for the West. Canadian gold mining operations have significant holdings in Mali as do may other western nations…

“It is ironic that since the death of Osama Bin Laden, the US military boasts that Al-Qaeda is on the run and has no ability to wage its war. Meanwhile, any time there is a need for intervention, there is suddenly a new Al-Qaeda threat that comes out of the woodwork. 

“Canada must not participate in this process of unending war.”

That’s a call to action which should be acted upon in the coming days and weeks as one of the poorest and most ecologically fragile regions of the world falls victim to deeper militarization and plundering.

 

Roger Annis is a social rights and trade union activist in Vancouver, B.C. He can be reached at rogerannis[at]hotmail[dot]com

 

(Quelle: rabble.ca)

Siehe auch:

Frankreichs Militär mordet in Mali
Der Ali in Mali – Schnell mal Krieg machen

Kasachstan: Willkommen in Mailuu-Suu

Dienstag, Juli 3rd, 2012

“Filtering Radiation Out of Water in Kyrgyzstan’s Schools 

Recent news reports that fish caught off the coast of Southern California contained radiation from Japan’s damaged Fukushima nuclear plant illustrates the great distances that some toxic substances can travel.

If radioactive particles (albeit small doses not enough to cause health concerns) can journey some 6,000 miles across the ocean, imagine what the town of Mailuu-Suu is like? When local children turn on the tap in their schools, they get water highly contaminated with radiation.

That is because Mailuu-Suu, in Kyrgyzstan, is located downstream from an old uranium mine with piles of toxic radioactive waste left exposed to the elements. Here, the potent pollutant only needs to travel a few miles to reach the town. Mailuu-Suu was on Blacksmith’s first-ever list of world’s worst polluted places. For decades, piles of radioactive waste in Mailuu-Suu have been slowly leaching into the ground, contaminating the land and water, and sickening its 20,000 residents.

Moreover, with each earthquake or heavy rain, there is a danger that a catastrophic landslide will block the river next to the dumpsites, cause a flood, and spread radiation throughout large parts of Kygryzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Data collected over 17 years show a clear correlation between cancer and congenital diseases with the level of life-threatening pollution in the town.

While the World Bank works on a long-term plan to protect the dumpsites from flooding, Blacksmith is reducing the risks to the most vulnerable residents by placing water filters in the town’s hospital and schools. The cartridge in each filter is designed to remove toxins for three years. However in Mailuu-Suu, the extraordinary level of contamination renders the cartridges useless in just nine months.

This year, Blacksmith is returning to install filters in three additional schools and replace cartridges in older filters. Since 2008 when the program began, levels of radioactive elements in the water have decreased by between 48% and 65% in the hospital and schools where filters were installed.”

 

(Quelle: Blacksmith Institute.)

BRD: Internationale Urankonferenz

Montag, Januar 9th, 2012

“Internationale Urankonferenz 2012 in Münster (Westf.)

Am Samstag, 04. Februar 2012 findet von 10-18 Uhr in Münster im Institut für Politikwissenschaft an der Scharnhorststrasse 100 eine Internationale Urankonferenz statt. Veranstalter ist der Trägerkreis „Urankonferenz 2012“.

Im Mittelpunkt werden der weltweite Uranabbau, die Uranverarbeitung, die Urananreicherung sowie die Brennelementefertigung stehen. Wir streben eine Auflösung der Uranindustrie an und die sofortige Stilllegung von Uranminen und Uranfabriken. Die Konferenz soll uns diesem Ziel einen Schritt näher bringen.

Eingeladen bist du als AtomkraftgegnerIn, egal ob du in einer Gruppe organisiert bist oder nicht. Herzlich willkommen sind natürlich auch VertreterInnen von Umweltverbänden, Friedensinitiativen, Eine-Welt-Gruppen sowie kirchlichen und gewerkschaftlichen Verbänden aus aller Welt.

Während der Konferenz wird es Vorträge sowie Arbeitsgruppen geben, an denen ihr euch beteiligen könnt. Dort könnt ihr euch auf spannende Diskussionen und neue Informationen freuen.

Und damit es nicht nur bei der Theorie bleibt, findet am folgenden Tag, Sonntag 5. Februar, um 13 Uhr eine Kundgebung mit anschließendem Sonntagsspaziergang an der Urananreicherungsanlage Gronau statt. Fünf Wochen später, wird es am 11. März 2012 eine Großdemo zum 1. Fukushima-Jahrestag an der Urananreicherungsanlage Gronau geben. http://www.fukushima-jahrestag.de

Urananreicherung verbieten – Atomkraft? Nein Danke!

 

Der Trägerkreis “Urankonferenz 2012″ besteht aus:

Aktionsbündnis Münsterland gegen AtomanlagenAG Schacht Konrad
AKU GronauAktionsbündnis Stop WestcastorAntiAtomBonn- Anti-Atom-Gruppe OsnabrückAStA der FH MünsterAStA der Uni Münsterausgestrahlt.deAttac DeutschlandBBU (Bundesverband Bürgerinitiativen Umweltschutz)BI Kein Atommüll in AhausBI Umweltschutz HammBI Umweltschutz Lüchow-DannenbergDeutsche Friedensgesellschaft Vereinigte KriegsdienstgegnerInnen NRW - Bund für Umwelt und Naturschutz Deutschland (BUND) NRWContratomEcodefense MoskauEcoperestroika (St. Petersburg)IPPNW Deutschland -Klimabündnis NiederrheinLaka Foundation AmsterdamNaturfreunde DeutschlandNatur- und Umweltschutzverein Gronau (NUG)Robin WoodSofa MünsterRéseau Sortir du nucléaireUmweltforum Münsterurgewalduranium-network.orgWorld Information Service on Energy (Wise)

 

(Quelle: Internationale Urankonferenz.)

Siehe auch:

Uran – Ein tödlicher Stoff

Brasilien: Danke Deutschland!

Freitag, Januar 6th, 2012

“Brasiliens “strahlende” Zukunft – Uranbergbau in Caetité

In Caetité, Brasilien operiert die Uranmine des brasilianischen Unternehmens INB. Hier wird der Rohstoff für das brasilianische Atomprogramm produziert. Zwei Atomkraftwerke sind bereits am Netz, das Dritte befindet sich – mit deutscher Unterstützung – im Bau. Weitere AKWs sind in den nächsten Jahren geplant. Doch der Uranabbau hat gravierende Folgen für die Bevölkerung im Umfeld der Mine – die Brunnen der Bevölkerung sind radioaktiv verseucht, viele Menschen erkranken an Krebs. Der Transport der “Yellow Cake” zum Hafen ist gefährlich, die Bevölkerung wird von dem Unternehmen vor den Gefahren des Uranabbaus nicht gewarnt. Pater Osvaldino Barboso will dies ändern und kämpft für die Rechte der Menschen im Umfeld der Mine. Er setzt sich ein für mehr Aufklärung und Transparenz, für sauberes Wasser und den Schutz der Gesundheit der Menschen. Mit Hilfe von Misereor konnte ein Film über die Arbeit von Pater Osvaldino gedreht werden.

 

 

Mehr Infos im MISEREOR-Blog:
http://www.misereor.de/blog/2011/03/31/radioaktive-gefahr-in-verzug/

 

(Quelle: YouTube.com)

Siehe auch:

Violações de Direitos Humanos no Ciclo do Nuclear

Tansania: Uranmine bedroht Weltkulturerbe (KAMPAGNE)

Samstag, Mai 21st, 2011

“Ende der 1990iger Jahre öffnete sich Tansania für große Investitionsprojekte. Vor allem der Bergbau soll als Wirtschaftsmotor dienen. Neben Gold liegen große Vorkommen an Uranerz im Boden des Landes. Seit 2006 hat Tansania 70 Konzessionen zur Uranerkundung vergeben und bisher 20 potenzielle Lagerstätten ausfindig gemacht. Das Mkuju-River-Project ist die Größte davon.

Die Betreiberfirma Mantra Resources ist eine so genannte Junior Mining Company. Das australische Unternehmen ist ein neuer Akteur im Bergbaugeschäft und hat noch keine Erfahrungen beim chemisch hochkomplexen Abbau von Uran. Der Projektinvestor ist die kanadische Firma Uranian One gegen die in Kasachstan wegen Korruption ermittelt wird.
Die Pläne der Bergbaubetreiber sehen einen 12 jährigen Abbauzeitraum vor, in dem pro Jahr 4,4 Millionen Tonnen Uranerz gefördert werden sollen. Die für den Abbau benötigte Tagesmenge von 250 Tonnen der stark ätzenden Schwefelsäure werden direkt in der Mine hergestellt.

Die beim Abbau von Uranerz freigesetzten radioaktiven Begleitelemente führen zur Kontaminierung der Böden. Das Uranbergwerk soll am Mkuju Fluss entstehen. Oberflächen- und Grundwasser werden radioaktive Sedimente tief in den Nationalpark hineintragen und zu einer weiträumigen Verseuchung der Flora und Fauna führen.

In der Erkundungsphase wurde bereits abgeholzt. Der für den Betrieb der Mine benötigten Infrastruktur würden weitere große Waldflächen zum Opfer fallen. Uran und weitere radioaktive Begleitelemente wie Staub und Radongase stellen zudem eine erhebliche Gesundheitsgefährdung für die Arbeiter und die Anwohner der Uranmine dar.

Die rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen zum Bergbau in Tansania sind sehr schwach ausgeprägt. Ein Gesetz zu den Sicherheitsbedingungen im Abbau von Uran ist „in Arbeit“. Allerdings gibt es keine staatlichen Kontrollorgane die diese Bestimmungen überwachen könnten. Bei der Sicherheit wird auf die Selbstkontrolle der Unternehmen gesetzt. Der „Land-Act“, ein Gesetz welches eigentlich die Zustimmung der Anwohner zu Wirtschaftsprojekten vorschreibt, wurde beim Mkuju-River-Project ignoriert.

Die UNESCO wies die Regierung Tansanias daraufhin, dass die Uranmine eine unmittelbare Bedrohung für den Selous Nationalpark darstellt und mit dem Weltkulturerbestatus nicht vereinbar ist. Sie appeliert an die Regierung und die beteiligten Unternehmen, den Selous Nationalpark als einmaliges Ökosystem und Weltkulturerbe zu respektieren und die geplanten Minenaktivitäten einzustellen.”

Hier geht es zur Protestaktion

 

(Quelle: Rettet den Regenwald e.V.)