Posts Tagged ‘Wal-Mart’

Thailand: Hmmm, Meeresfrüchte

Dienstag, Juli 17th, 2012

“Migrant workers protest

Published: 12/04/2012 at 06:40 PM
Online news:


Recent protests by thousands of migrant workers in Songkla and Kanchanaburi has exposed further evidence of how Thai exporters to giant American, European and Australian food chains have gone unaudited.

Thousands of Cambodian and Burmese workers claimed during strikes early this month at Pattana Seafood factory in Songkla they were being seriously exploited. They accused their employer of reducing meal allowances, docking their pay for so called "bondage payments" and holding their passports to prevent them from leaving.

One of the striking workers said the company has reduced their food allowance (20 baht per day) and decreased the attendance bonus (from 400 baht every two weeks to 300 baht per month) from the new wage of 247 baht since April 1.

The company and the broker CDM Trading Manpower, the workers said, have sent away a few hundred people who wanted to return home, but the others either could not make a decision or continued to argue for their rights, such as whether they had to pay to get their passports back and for transportation.

They said after April 19, the company will deal with the labour problem again, sources said.

Thai labour authorities said they were monitoring the situation and believe the resentment stems from misunderstandings due to the language barrier.

Pattana Seafood has had no strikes at its other branches in Samut Sakhon’s Mahachai and Chantaburi, Anusorn Kraiwatnussorn, the vice labour minister said.

“In Mahachai, they may have Burmese interlocutors that might help fine-tune internal communications between employers and employees, while in Chantaburi, they might have Khmer-speaking people who clarifies things to the workers. But not so in Songkla,” Mr Anusorn told the Bangkok Post.

Company representatives could not provide adequate information and claimed there was no labour problem at the Songkla factory.

Pattana Seafood is a key exporter of seafood to Australia, the US and Europe. According to American labour union sources, the company is a large supplier of shrimp to Walmart.

Cambodian ambassador to Thailand You Ay told the Bangkok Post said she has told the CDM broker who brought in 800 workers from Cambodia to work at the Songkla factory to settle the issue quickly and smoothly or she will appeal to her government to withdraw its licence in Phnom Penh.

“Now, 90% of the protesters have agreed to a settled deal. Those who are satisfied with the work and wage-payment conditions can continue to stay there, but for those who want a new job, CDM will see to it,” Ms You Ay said.

She said she has communicated with the factory and CDM and advised the workers to respect Thai labour laws and not to resort to any violence.

The Cambodian ambassador said the problem was that the factory is cutting the food allowance of 20 baht as it had agreed to increase the daily wage from 147 baht to 274 baht from April 1. But they have not been able to settle the issue with the workers.

UN sources confirmed the hasty, and at times illegal, migration routes of the Cambodian workers coming to the Songkla factory. For example, 20-year-old Sok from Kampong Thom, who learnt of the work opportunity through a CDM Trading Manpower Co advertisement, signed a Khmer/English contract that he did not read.

CDM told them that the length of the contract would be two years, and after it expired they would provide transport back to Cambodia. They would also provide a room to stay, a mattress, pillow, plate and a food allowance.

But when he got to Thailand, he found he had to work 26 days a month. He got his salary every two weeks, but half was withheld to ensure he did not run away. “Most of the workers wanted to go home, but we will be in debt from preparing to travel and an unknown amount we are told to pay to get passports and transportation,” he said.

Similar conditions exist for 395 Burmese workers, who came in groups between October and February, Burmese sources said.

A separate protest was also reported at Vita, a pineapple canning factory in Kanchanaburi province on April 11. Sources said a stand-off between the factory and the workers, thousands of them from neighbouring Myanmar, remained tense with local police called in to ensure no violence.

The Vita company is a key supplier of food to Walmart. According to US Customs Import, 356 of 485 shipments from Vita to the US — or 73 per cent — went to Walmart under the “Great Value” private label of Walmart.”

 

(Quelle: Bangkok Post.)

Wer entscheidet, was wir essen?

Mittwoch, Juni 9th, 2010

Who is deciding what we eat?

By Esther Vivas

The increasing conversion of agriculture into a commodity industry is an undeniable reality today. The privatisation of natural resources, the policies of structural adjustment, the gradual disappearance of the peasantry and the industrialisation of food systems have driven us to the current food crisis situation.

In this context, who is deciding what we eat? The answer is clear: a handful of multinationals of the agro-food industry, with the blessing of governments and international institutions, end up imposing their private interest above collective needs. Due to this situation, our food security is seriously threatened.

The supposed concern of governments and institutions such as the G8, the G20, the World Trade Organization, etc., regarding the rise of the price of basic food and its impact on the more disadvantaged peoples, as they showed in the course of 2008 in international summits, has only shown their deep hypocrisy. They take significant economic profits from the current food and agricultural model, using it as an imperialist instrument for political, economic and social control, towards the countries of the global South.

As pointed out by the international movement of La Vía Campesina, at the end of the FAO meeting in Rome in November 2009: “The absence of the heads of state of the G8 countries has been one of the key causes of the dismal failure of this summit. Concrete measures were not taken to eradicate hunger, to stop the speculation on food or to hold back the expansion of agrofuels”. Likewise, commitments such as those of the Global Partnership for Agriculture and Food Security and the Food Security Trust Fund of the World Bank, which have the explicit support of the G8 and the G20, also point this out, leaving our food supply, once again, in the hands of the market.

Yet the reform of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) of the FAO is, according to La Vía Campesina, a step forward towards democratizing the decision-making processes over agriculture and environment: “At least this workspace respects the basic rule of democracy, which is the principle of “one country, one vote”, and it gives a new opportunity to civil society”. However, we will still have to check the real impact of the CFS.

Monopolies
The agro-food chain is subjected, in its whole route, to a high business concentration. Starting with the first stretch, seeds, we can observe that ten of the biggest companies (such as Monsanto, Dupont, Syngenta, Bayer…), according to data from the ETC Group, control one half of sales. Copyright laws, which give exclusive rights on seeds to these companies, have further stimulated the business concentration of the sector and have eroded the peasant right to the maintenance of indigenous seeds and biodiversity.

The seed industry is intimately linked to that of pesticides. The biggest seed companies also dominate this other sector and very frequently the development and marketing of both products are done together. Moreover, in the pesticide industry, the monopoly is even greater and the ten biggest multinationals control 84% of the global market. This same dynamic is observed in the sector of food distribution and in that of the processing of drinks and foods. It is all about strategy, and it is bound to increase.

Big-scale retailing, just like other sectors, registers a high business concentration. In Europe, between 1987 and 2005, the market share of the ten biggest multinationals of big-scale retailing was 45% of the total and the chances are that they will reach 75% in the next 10-15 years. In countries such as a Sweden, three supermarket chains control around 95.1% of the market share; and in countries such as Denmark, Belgium, the Spanish State, France, Netherlands, Great Britain and Argentina, a handful of companies control between 60% and 45% of the market. Mega fusions are the usual dynamic. This monopoly and concentration enables them to wield huge power to determine what we buy, the price of products, their origin, and how they have been elaborated.

Making a profit from hunger
In the middle of the food crisis, the main multinational companies of the agro-food industry announced record profit figures. Monsanto and Dupont, the main seed companies, declared a rise of their profits of 44% and 19% respectively in 2007 in relation to the previous year. The data of fertilizer companies pointed out the same: Potash Corp, Yara and Sinochem, saw their profits rise by 72%, 44% and 95% respectively between 2007 and 2006. Food processors such as Nestlé also experienced a rise of their economic gains, as well as supermarkets such as Tesco, Carrefour and Wal-Mart, while millions of people in the world did not have access to food.

 

– Esther Vivas is a member of the Centre for Studies on Social Movements (CEMS) at Universitat Pompeu Fabra in Barcelona. She is co-coordinator of the books in Spanish “Supermarkets, No Thanks” and “Where is Fair Trade headed?”. She is also a member of the editorial board of Viento Sur (www.vientosur.info).
(Article published in Diagonal, nº115.)
http://esthervivas.wordpress.com/english
 

(Quelle: Radio Chango.)